NOC assesses Benghazi mega-project

NOC assesses Benghazi mega-project

The divergent characters of the National Oil Corporation (NOC) and the Libyan Investment Authority (LIA) reflect the different roles that they each played during the Qadhafi era. As the country’s principal source of income it was essential that the NOC remained...
Hint of early elections in Kazakhstan?

Hint of early elections in Kazakhstan?

Rumours about presidential and parliamentary early elections in Kazakhstan are intensifying. Presidential elections may take place as soon as the beginning of 2019 – more than one year ahead of schedule. The last presidential elections were held on 26 April 2015, when...
Iran’s domestic politics under sanctions 

Iran’s domestic politics under sanctions 

One of the known political patterns of the Islamic Republic is that increased external pressure leads to increased internal cohesion. Nonetheless, the competition for power means that factionalism has not been stamped out. Even though the top leadership has instructed...