Future outlook for Iranian oil exports

Future outlook for Iranian oil exports

Following the discontinuation of US oil waivers as of 2 May, Iran did not receive any major orders from international buyers until 16 May, when Chinese refineries restarted their purchases. China had stocked up on Iranian oil in order to make up for the potential...
INSTEX, FATF, and the JCPOA

INSTEX, FATF, and the JCPOA

On 2 February, officials from Germany, France, and United Kingdom (the E3) announced the establishment of the promised special purpose vehicle (SPV), known as the Instrument for Supporting Trade Exchanges (INSTEX). Even though the news was welcomed by Tehran, it is...
Special Feature: Iran and the FATF

Special Feature: Iran and the FATF

The Financial Action Task Force (FATF) has become a political football for Iranian policy makers The Financial Action Task Force (FATF) is an inter-governmental entity that promotes international anti-money laundering (AML) efforts and counter-terrorism financing...
Iran’s domestic politics under sanctions 

Iran’s domestic politics under sanctions 

One of the known political patterns of the Islamic Republic is that increased external pressure leads to increased internal cohesion. Nonetheless, the competition for power means that factionalism has not been stamped out. Even though the top leadership has instructed...